Category: Coronavirus - what you need to know

Coronavirus - what you need to know

Countries around the world are stepping up efforts to tackle the new coronavirus that has killed tens of thousands. Countries around the world are scrambling to halt the spread of the coronavirus pandemic.

As of April 19, more thanpeople worldwide have died of COVID, the highly infectious respiratory disease caused by the coronavirus.

More thanpeople have recovered. These viruses were originally transmitted from animals to people. The name coronavirus comes from the Latin word corona, meaning crown or halo.

Under an electron microscope, the virus looks like it is surrounded by a solar corona. The novel coronavirus, identified by Chinese authorities on January 7 and since named SARS -CoV- 2is a new strain that had not been previously identified in humans. Little is known about it, although human-to-human transmission has been confirmed. According to the WHO, signs of infection include fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties.

Current estimates of the incubation period - the time between infection and the onset of symptoms - range from one to 14 days. Most infected people show symptoms within five to six days. However, infected patients can also be asymptomatic, meaning they do not display any symptoms despite having the virus in their systems.

Read more on what the coronavirus does to your body if you catch it here. The number of fatalities from the new coronavirus has overwhelmingly surpassed the toll of the SARS outbreak, which also originated in China.

What You Need to Know About the Coronavirus

SARS killed about 9 percent of those it infected - nearly people worldwide and more than in China alone. MERS, which did not spread as widely, was more deadly, killing one-third of those infected. While the new coronavirus is more widespread than SARS in terms of case numbers, the mortality rate remains considerably lower at approximately 3.

People who have severe underlying medical conditions like heart or lung disease or diabetes also seem to be at high risk for developing more serious complications from COVID illness.

Since March 16, more cases were registered outside mainland China than inside, marking a new milestone in the spread of the global pandemic. Human-to-human transmissions became evident after cases were recorded with no apparent link to China. Read about which countries have confirmed cases here.

Scientists around the globe are racing to develop a vaccine but have warned it is not likely one will be available for mass distribution before Meanwhile, a growing number of countries have introduced a series of sweeping measures to slow the spread of the coronavirus, including nationwide lockdowns, bans on gatherings, closure of schools, restaurants, bars and sports clubs, as well as issuing mandatory work-from-home decrees.

Some countries have banned non-citizens from entering their territories, and several more have evacuated their citizens from abroad. Chinese health authorities are still trying to determine the origin of the virus, which they say likely came from a seafood market in Wuhan, China where wildlife was also traded illegally.

On February 7, Chinese researchers said the virus could have spread from an infected animal species to humans through illegally-trafficked pangolins, which are prized in Asia for food and medicine. The international health alert is a call to countries around the world to coordinate their response under the guidance of the WHO. There have been five global health emergencies since when the declaration was formalised: swine flu inpolio inEbola inZika in and Ebola again in Smoking can make people more susceptible to serious complications from a coronavirus infection, the European Union agency for disease control said.

Smokers have also appeared to be more susceptible to breathing complications caused by the disease, and the ECDC said it was advisable to identify them as a potential vulnerable group, confirming an earlier assessment. The agency cited a study by Chinese doctors which on a sample of 99 patients affected by the coronavirus found that acute smokers were more at risk of dying than elderly people. The activity of ACE2, or angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, also increases with age and with some kinds of hypertension treatment - both risk factors - the ECDC said.

Toggle navigation. Coronavirus: All you need to know about symptoms and risks Countries around the world are stepping up efforts to tackle the new coronavirus that has killed tens of thousands.

Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.

coronavirus - what you need to know

Have your say.Few figures tell you anything useful about how the coronavirus has spread through the U. Experts predict the outbreak will lead to a rise in populism.

Small community hospitals already operate on the very edge of disaster every day. Recent history suggests young people could see their careers derailed, finances shattered, and social lives upended. When he touts hydroxychloroquine as a COVID treatment, shortages endanger those of us who already take it. Some will emerge from this crisis disrupted and shaken, but ultimately stable. Others will come out of it with much more lasting scars. The coronavirus has been slow to spread across Africa.

But a wave may soon hit, and health-care workers are bracing for disaster. Everyone is being ordered to practice social distancing. The rules of the pandemic require every person to stay put in one household. The laws of joint custody require the exact opposite. Contact tracing is working in South Korea and Singapore. But it raises privacy issues. Skip to content. Sign in My Account Subscribe. The Atlantic Crossword.

The Print Edition. Latest Issue Past Issues. Robinson Meyer and Alexis C. Edwin Leap April 14, Jamiel Law Generation C Has Nowhere to Turn Recent history suggests young people could see their careers derailed, finances shattered, and social lives upended. Maya L. Try Three. Derek Thompson April 7, More Stories.We respect your privacy. All email addresses you provide will be used just for sending this story. The coronavirus pandemic has upended life in much of the world.

Cities, states, and countries have ushered in a new era of social distancingwith many enacting rules and guidelines to keep citizens in their homes as much as possible. The unprecedented efforts are designed to slow the spread of a previously unknown virus, which has already infected at least 2.

COVID, the disease caused by the virus, leads to respiratory symptoms that range from mild coughing, fever to severe pneumonia, trouble breathing. The worst cases can be fatal, especially in older adults and people with underlying health conditions. The first U. For weeks, the only cases reported in the U. As the U. Now there have been at leastreported cases in the U. At leastof those cases are in New York state. Many more cases may be unreported, experts say.

There have been at least 32, deaths in the U. It took just a few short months for the virus to spread from a city in China to practically every corner of the world.

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The World Health Organization declared the situation a public health emergency at the end of January. Two days later, President Trump declared a national emergency. On March 16, Trump announced new guidelines in a bid to help slow the spread of the virus. The guidelines say Americans should work from home if possible; avoid discretionary travelshopping trips, and social visits; avoid social gatherings in groups of more than 10; avoid eating or drinking at bars, food courts, and restaurants; and not visit nursing homes or retirement or long-term care facilities.

Many states and cities went further, closing all schools and non-essential businesses. Alone, these measures will not be enough to stop the spread of the virus, according to Jennifer Nuzzo, Ph. To move forward, said Nuzzo, the U. The new pathogen is part of a large family of viruses known as coronaviruses. Under a microscope, these viruses look like they have a crown, or corona. Coronaviruses are very common in animals, and many strains affect humans, according to Thomas File, M.

In toan outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome SARS sickened more than 8, people and killed Almost 10 years later, another coronavirus, known as Middle East respiratory syndrome MERSemerged and has since infected 2, people and killed An early analysis of the first confirmed cases estimated that each infected person was spreading the virus to approximately 2.

As a respiratory virusthe coronavirus spreads in droplets when someone coughs or sneezes, according to File at the IDSA. People can also release viral particles when they talk, sing, or exhale. That means people within 5 or 6 feet of an infected person would be the most likely to get sick—when those viral particles land on a mucous membrane, like in your eye. Such viruses can also spread when people touch a surface contaminated with infectious droplets, then touch their own nose, mouth, or eyes.

That means someone is most likely to get COVID from a person in close proximity to you, or by touching a contaminated surface and then touching your face. Common cold viruses are so contagious because they tend to replicate in the upper airway, causing coughing and sneezing that spread disease. The first SARS and the MERS coronaviruses were so deadly because of the damage they caused while replicating deep in the lungs, but they didn't spread as much because they didn't infect the upper airway, according to Menachery.As the coronavirus continues to spread, more and more people are becoming concerned and asking questions.

This page will give you some of the basic information regarding COVID, as well as useful links for learning more. What is a novel coronavirus? A novel coronavirus is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified.

coronavirus - what you need to know

The virus causing coronavirus disease COVIDis not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold. How does coronavirus spread? The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person, by being in close contact with someone who is sick or through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

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People are thought to be most contagious when exhibiting symptoms, but there have been some reports of the virus spreading before infected individuals show symptoms. It may also be possible to contract COVID by touching surfaces or items with the virus on it, and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes. What are the symptoms? Some people infected with COVID experience no symptoms, while others have symptoms ranging from mild to severe, resulting in death in some cases.

The most common symptoms are: Fever Cough Shortness of breath These symptoms typically develop within days after exposure.

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More severe symptoms, such as high fever, severe cough or difficulty breathing can often indicate pneumonia. Other emergency warning signs include Persistent pain or pressure in the chest New confusion or inability to arouse Bluish lips or face These, and any other severe symptoms, should be taken seriously.

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If you are experiencing them, you should seek immediate medical attention. How do I protect myself and others from the virus? Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.

You can also use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth, especially with unwashed hands Cover your mouth and nose with the inside of your elbow or a tissue when coughing or sneezing. Immediately dispose of the tissue and wash your hands.

Avoid close contact with people who are sick. Practice social distancing by staying six feet away from others. Stay home if you are sick, except to get medical care. Wear a face mask around others if you are sick or are caring for someone who is sick. You do not need to wear a face mask if you are not sick.UK blogs use cookies to make the site simpler. Find out more about cookies. On Monday 23 rd Marchthe government announced that, in order to prevent the spread of coronavirus COVIDpeople should only leave their homes for essential reasons.

Please note we cannot answer any questions that relate to individual health concerns. Generally, coronavirus can cause more severe symptoms in people with weakened immune systems, older people, and those with long term conditions like diabetes, cancer and chronic lung disease. Some people may also experience muscle aches, tiredness and shortness of breath. The main route of transmission is from cough and sneeze droplets. These droplets fall on people in the vicinity and can be directly inhaled or picked up on the hands and transferred when someone touches their face.

Under most circumstances, the amount of infectious virus on any contaminated surfaces is likely to have decreased significantly by 24 hours, and even more so by 48 hours.

In order to prevent the spread of coronavirus COVIDyou should only leave your home for the following essential purposes:. Restaurants, pubs, non-essential shops and other businesses have closed. Essential businesses such as food shops and pharmacies remain open. If someone in your household has symptoms of coronavirus a new continuous cough or high temperatureyou should all stay inside the house for 14 days.

Ask someone else to pick up supplies for you and leave them outside. Read the full guidance on staying at home and away from others. In addition to reducing your contact with other people, there are things you can do to help stop germs like coronavirus spreading:.

Read more in our blog about some of the other simple and effective actions everyone can take to protect themselves and their wider community.

As of 9am 19 April,tests have concluded, with 21, tests on 18 April. As of 5pm on 18 April, of those hospitalised in the UK who tested positive for coronavirus, 16, have sadly died.

As we have now moved into the delay phase of the outbreak, we will start to change who gets tested. We now understand that the virus is widely circulating in the community which means that we should assume that anyone with symptoms has coronavirus. We are working to increase the number of tests to 25, a day. This increased capacity is expected to be ready by the end of April. Older and vulnerable groups will be prioritised, to ensure that they access the right treatment and care quickly.

People who are generally well will not be tested and should manage their condition at home. This advice took effect on 17 March applies initially for a period of 30 days.

Coronavirus stimulus checks: What you need to know

In the contain phase of the outbreak, we were identifying all cases, tracing their contacts and following up with them to determine their level of risk and giving them advice and information on what to do should they become unwell. Now, because the virus is more widespread, we will not necessarily be able to determine where someone has contracted the virus and we will have a more targeted approach to contact tracing.Get the latest news on coronavirus and more delivered daily to your inbox.

Sign up here. What are the symptoms? Are digestive issues a symptom? Are the loss of smell and taste symptoms? When should you go to the hospital, and when should you stay home?

coronavirus - what you need to know

How often are people hospitalized for it? The risk of contracting coronavirus remains low for most Americans, U. Surgeon General Dr. Jerome Adams said. What are the levels of severity? How is coronavirus transmitted? Person-to-person transmissions are thought to occur when an infected person coughs or sneezes, similar to how influenza and other respiratory pathogens spread.

Can I get it from somebody's breath?

coronavirus - what you need to know

A man wears a bandana on his face as he walks past a sign written on the window of a Starbucks coffee shop, which was closed for coronavirus concerns, in San Francisco, Tuesday, March 24, Should I keep using my contact lenses? Does your blood type matter? How can you protect against getting it? You can protect yourself from coronaviruses by following basic wellness practices.

How do I sanitize surfaces? Keeping your home and surfaces clean using the correct disinfectants is crucial in preventing its spread. Can I make my own hand sanitizer? How long can it survive on surfaces? How to handle your laundry. Should I wear a face mask? How can I make my own face covering? In a second video, U. Jerome Adams shows Americans how to make a facial covering using an old T-shirt and two rubber bands.

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What are the best materials to make a face mask with? When making a do-it-yourself mask, what materials should you use if you have sensitive skin?CNN Less than a month ago, Singapore was being hailed as a country that got its coronavirus response right. The city-state seemed to have quashed the epidemic without the need for strict lockdowns.

It was testing widely and isolating anyone found to be potentially contagious. Then a second wave hit. Since March 17, Singapore's number of confirmed coronavirus cases has grown from to more than 5, Chat with us in Facebook Messenger.

Find out what's happening in the world as it unfolds. More Videos His dream college is on hold because mom lost her job. Contamination at CDC lab likely cause of testing delay. Doctor predicts when states will be safe to reopen.

Fauci: There will be enough tests to begin reopening US. Navajo Nation has lost more to coronavirus than 13 states. Covid pandemic highlights challenges for students. See how coronavirus affected this man's ability to breathe. US states weigh easing stay-at-home restrictions. How Facebook is combating spread of Covid misinformation.

How to clean household surfaces with soap and water. US investigates possibility of Covid spread originating in Chinese lab. Doctors worry about quality of available antibody tests.

What you need to know about the novel coronavirus

Gupta reacts to Dr. Oz citing new study on Fox News.

CORONAVIRUS: What You Need to Know

How coronavirus is redefining the college experience. Fiction newsletter. Sign up here to receive the need-to-know headlines every day. So what went wrong? It seems likely that authorities overlooked clusters of cases among migrant workers living in cramped dorms, James Griffiths writes. Once the virus started circulating among that community, it was only a matter of time until it spread to the rest of the nation.

Singapore's story is not unique. Similar policy missteps are occurring across the world. When Japan recorded its first cases in February, officials focused on containing infection clusters rather than widespread testing.

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